Контрольная работа 8 класс УМК Enjoy English UNIT — 2

Progress Check Unit 2

1. Complete each sentence with one of the words or phrases below.

pollution

rubbish

cans

environment

packaging

protect

is thrown

in danger

prohibited

pollute

bins

clearing up

People get a lot of food from the sea. But we have made the sea a very dirty place. If we are not careful, (1) _________ will kill many of the animals and plants in the sea.

A lot of rubbish (2) _________ into the sea. Sea animals, fish and birds are (3) __________. Some animals try to eat the (4) __________, the die.

Oil from big ships, chemicals and waste (5) __________ the sea and kill whales and dolphins, fish and sea bird.

Luckily many people realize now that we must look after the sea and (6) _________ it. They say polluting the sea should be strictly (7) ____________. Groups of people who care about the (8)_________ spend their free time (9) __________ litter from the beaches. People collect (10) _________, bottles and (11) _________ and put them into further recycling.

2. Complete the sentences, using Conditional II and III.

1. My brother would not have missed so many lessons if he _____________________(not to hurt) his leg.

2. If they __________________ (not to go) to Moscow last year, they would not have heard that famous musician.

3. I you were not so careless about your health, you ___________________ (to consult) the doctor.

4. I _____________________ (to write) the composition long ago if you had not disturbed me.

5. If he _____________________ (not to read) so much, he would not be so clever.

6. If you ____________________ (to be) a poet, you would write beautiful poetry.

7. If he _____________________ (to come) to our house yesterday, he would have met his friend.

8. My father would have more free time if he _______________________ (not to read) so many newspapers.

9. You would not feel so bad if you _______________________ (not to smoke) too much.

10. If Barbara ___________________________ (to get) up at half past eight, she would have been late for school.

3. Translate the text from English into Russian.

Ecological Problems

Since ancient times Nature has served Man, being the source of his life. For thousands of years people lived in harmony with environment and it seemed to them that natural riches were unlimited. But with the development of civilization man’s interference in nature began to increase.

Large cities with thousands of smoky industrial enterprises appear all over the world today. The by-products of their activity pollute the air we breathe, the water we drink, the land we grow grain and vegetables on.

Every year world industry pollutes the atmosphere with about 1000 million tons of dust and other harmful substances. Many cities suffer from smog. Vast forests are cut and burn in fire. Their disappearance upsets the oxygen balance. As a result some rare species of animals, birds, fish and plants disappear forever, a number of rivers and lakes dry up.

The pollution of air and the world’s ocean, destruction of the ozone layer is the result of man’s careless interaction with nature, a sign of the ecological crises. The most horrible ecological disaster befell Ukraine and its people after the Chernobyl tragedy in April 1986. About 18 percent of the territory of Byelarus were also polluted with radioactive substances. A great damage has been done to the agriculture, forests and people’s health. The consequences of this explosion at the atomic power-station are tragic for the Ukrainian, Byelarussian and other nations.

Environmental protection is of a universal concern. That is why serious measures to create a system of ecological security should be taken. Some progress has been already made in this direction. As many as 159 countries — members of the UNO — have set up environmental protection agencies. Numerous conferences have been held by these agencies to discuss problems facing ecologically poor regions including the Aral Sea, the South Urals, Kuzbass, Donbass, Semipalatinsk and Chernobyl. An international environmental research centre has been set up on Lake Baikal. The international organisation Greenpeace is also doing much to preserve the environment.

But these are only the initial steps and they must be carried onward to protect nature, to save life on the planet not only for the sake of the present but also for the future generations.